When socks first appeared, they mainly served to protect our feet from the cold in winter. Nowadays, in addition to the basic function, they also have a leg-beautifying, medical and deodorizing function.
Different types of socks
There is also something to be said about wearing socks. Different types of socks are suitable for different people in different seasons. Know the ingredients and choose the right socks. This article will introduce you to the properties of the different materials. And now there is an increasing demand for custom socks.
For socks, cotton is the most common and widespread fabric. It is sweat-absorbent and breathable, soft and warm, and durable and comfortable. That’s why most people prefer to buy socks made of cotton. But in fact, there is no such thing as a sock with 100% cotton. If a pair of socks were made from 100% cotton, they would be completely unstretched. The socks would also need to be knitted very wide to fit, so you can imagine how ill-fitting they would be. Therefore, socks with a cotton content of 75% or more are the most common “cotton socks” in our lives. In addition, some functional fibers are added to the socks to maintain their elasticity and fastness.
Mercerized cotton is a cotton fiber that has undergone a mercerisation process in a concentrated alkali solution. This cotton fiber has a better luster than ordinary cotton fiber, is more lubricious to the touch, and is less prone to wrinkling, making it more suitable for wearing in the summer. This is why mercerized cotton can often be found in thin summer socks.
Spandex, short for polyurethane fiber, is a kind of elastic fiber. It is highly elastic and can be stretched 6 to 7 times, but quickly returns to its initial state as the tension wears off. This is why textile products made with spandex retain their original silhouette. This is why manufacturers add spandex to their socks to give them stretch and retractability. These socks are also easier to wear and fit more closely to the foot so that they can be wrapped tightly without slipping off.
Nylon is the name of synthetic fiber with Chinese characteristics. The scientific name for nylon is polyamide fiber, which is synthesized in China by the Jinzhou Chemical Fiber Factory, hence the name nylon. Nylon is similar to nylon in that it is strong and hard-wearing, the most abrasion-resistant, and strongest of the synthetic fibers. It is also very light in weight and flexible, so adding nylon to socks keeps the elasticity high.
As mentioned above, nylon is similar in nature to polyamide. That is why it is stronger, has good abrasion resistance, is cheap, lightweight, has excellent wrinkle resistance, and breathes well. And it was also the first synthetic fiber to emerge in the world. The emergence of nylon led to a huge change in the textile industry. Its synthesis was not only a major breakthrough for the synthetic fiber industry but also a milestone in polymer chemistry.
Polyester is a strong material: it is four times stronger than nylon in terms of impact resistance and 20 times stronger than viscose fibers. It also has good elasticity and fluffiness compared to natural fibers and knits into lighter socks. As a result, it is firm and durable, wrinkle-resistant, and non-iron. As a result, it was a popular choice for shirts. But it also had a very fatal disadvantage: it had a stiff hand, a poor touch, a lack of softness, breathability, and poor moisture absorption.
Tencel is a new type of viscose fiber. In the same way that Lycra itself is a trading name for spandex. It is a trading name for Lyocell fibers produced by Acocdis in the UK and registered as TENCEL in our country. Tencel is made using solvent spinning technology, as the amine oxide solvent used in its production is completely harmless to humans, almost completely recyclable, and can be used repeatedly without by-products. Tencel fiber decomposes completely in the soil, is environmentally friendly as it does not pollute the environment, and is ecologically harmless. It has the excellent moisture absorption of viscose fibers and overcomes the defects of low strength of ordinary viscose fibers, its strength is almost similar to that of polyester, wet strength is higher than cotton fibers and wet modulus is higher than cotton; it has good washing dimensional stability and small washing shrinkage; it feels soft and comfortable; it has good drapability; it has good breathability and moisture permeability.
Bamboo fiber is the fifth-largest natural fiber after cotton, linen, wool, and silk. Bamboo fiber fabrics are also soft and airy, comfortable to the touch, wear-resistant, non-pilling, moisture-absorbent, quick-drying, and breathable. It differs from cotton, wood, and other viscose fibers in that it has excellent antibacterial properties and health effects. Bamboo fiber contains an antibacterial substance called “Zhukun”, which has natural antibacterial, anti-mite, and anti-odor medicinal properties, in addition, the UV penetration rate of bamboo fiber is 0.6%, 41.6 times that of cotton, which is a very good raw material for anti-UV fabrics. However, it has poor abrasion resistance, so it should also be selected according to actual needs.
Modal is a cellulosic fiber, which, like rayon, is pure man-made fiber. It is made from woody pulp produced from the bush forests of Europe and then subjected to a special spinning process. It has good drapability and a smooth, comfortable feel. The addition of modal to the composition of the socks gives them a softer and more comfortable feel, which is why this has become a very popular textile in recent years.
After knowing the general information about the above ingredients, I believe you will have a more scientific and knowledgeable reference for choosing socks. Of course, there is more to consider when choosing the best pair of socks for you.